Protection of the elderly in disaster situations in Indonesia

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IOP Publishing


The territory of Indonesia is an area that is prone to disasters, both natural, nonnatural and social disasters. Thus, the elderly in Indonesia live in a situation of threat of disaster. This study uses a secondary data research method with locus is focused on areas of Indonesia where disasters have occurred in the last five years from 2016 to 2020, namely; earthquake in Pidie Jaya, earthquake and tsunami in Lombok, earthquake and tsunami in Palu, social disaster in Mempawah-West Kalimantan, flash floods in Garut, and the Covid-19 disaster. The data collected was then analyzed using document analysis techniques. Our analysis result concluded that the absence of caregiver who specifically provide programmed assistance, makes the elderly feel lonely, stressed and traumatized. Social workers contribute to the handling of the elderly in disaster locations focused on psychosocial support, and advocacy of legislative policies.


Disasters, both natural disaster, non-natural disasters and social disasters have prompted various parties to be involved in paying attention, mobilizing aid, handling emergency and post-emergency operations. In the last five years, earthquakes in Pidie Jaya (2016), earthquakes and tsunamis in Lombok (2016), earthquakes, tsunamis and liquefaction in Palu, Central Sulawesi, local scale disasters such as flash floods in Garut (2017), and social disasters in the form of social conflicts between community members and the Gafatar community in West Kalimantan (2016). Various central government agencies and local governments, the world of education, business institutions to various community organizations are moving to help disaster victims, either directly or indirectly. Handling and assistance for disaster victims can be in the form of; fulfillment of basic needs which include food, clothing, and shelter, then health services, and psychosocial support services or trauma healing The results of observations by researchers in the field, volunteers or caregivers who came to disaster locations were more focused on children, and did not pay special attention to the elderly. Thus, it can be said that the elderly in the disaster area did not receive assistance from the volunteers. Though, like children, the elderly also need a touch of the soul as long as they are in a disaster situation, so that the elderly can feel safe, comfortable, and still have fun.