The needs of community-based integrated child protection in West Java, Indonesia
Taylor & Francis Group
The high level of violence against children indicated the need for increased child protection. A community-based strategy with participation strength is potential to be developed. Therefore, this research revealed the need for integrated community-based child protection development. The aim of this research describes: (a) children‘s problems; (b) community-based child protection policies, programs, and best practices; and (c) child protection development needs. This research is a policy evaluation with qualitative approach through case study in West Java. Participants of this research consisted of representatives: provincial, regency/city and sub-district or village governments; activity managers, children and parents, selected by purposive sampling. Data were collected by in-depth interviews, focused discussions, and documentation studies. The results indicated that the number of children reported to be victims and perpetrators of violence tends to increase, as reported by the Center for Integrated Services Empowerment for Women and Children. Meanwhile, the existing policy has not been enough to support the improvement of the community movement in child protection. Community-based child protection activities are limited and partial. Nevertheless, community-based protection of best practices are found in some villages and sub-district communities. Communities perceive the practice has empowered them, changed the various elements of the child‘s ecological system, and was very useful in preventing and addressing violence against children targeted for services. The practice needs to be developed more integrated.